India will be a strong contender for permanent membership of UNSC in 2023

India’s population is estimated at 1.41 billion in 2022 while that of China is 1.42 billion. India has been claiming permanent membership of the Security Council till now but its claim will definitely be strengthened once it becomes the world’s most populous country.

United Nations agencies. A top UN official has said that India’s claim for permanent membership of the UN Security Council will be further strengthened if it overtakes China to become the world’s most populous country by next year. The World Population Prospectus 2022 report released on Monday estimated that India will overtake China to become the world’s most populous country in 2023. India’s population is estimated at 1.41 billion in 2022 while that of China is 1.42 billion. John Wilmoth, director of the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), said on Monday that India has so far claimed permanent membership of the Security Council, but it is certain to become the world’s most populous country. This will make his claim stronger. Wilmuth said this during the press conference on the question asked on the effect of population report. He praised India and described it as a sustainable economy. Along with this, he said that he has brought down the birth rate in a better way.

Wheat import from India became the main supply channel for Yemen
In the midst of the Russo-Ukraine War, the commercial import of wheat from India proved to be a major source of supply for Yemen. Jais Msuya, Assistant Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator at the United Nations, said India informed the UN Security Council that it exported more than 2.5 million tonnes of wheat to the West Asian country in the past three months. UN appreciates India for helping Yemen amid Ukraine war.

Five permanent members of the Security Council
The United States, Britain, France, Russia and China are the five permanent members of the Security Council. There are a total of 15 member countries in the Security Council, which are granted permanent and non-permanent membership. Permanent members have veto power. Permanent members can use this to block any resolution from being passed. Apart from these, there are 10 non-permanent members in the Security Council. These temporary members are selected on a regional basis. Five Eastern European countries, one from Latin American and Caribbean countries, and two Western European and other two countries are selected from Africa and Asian countries.

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